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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 发布公告耗时:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


2016两会全球区域经济问与答|对待真实感试炼,我国的生产制造如何才能保护竟争力?——2017两会我国的经济条件各个平台问答之四


zhizuoyeshihuarenyoujinqiannenglidezhelidian。tounianjianguoyilai,woguohuagongjin🔯qiannenglishangzhangquwen,danduizheshichangfeichangfuzadeguojiyingwentiaojian、“tuogouleduanlian”dewaimiantiaozhanxing,guanyu“pinpailianqianyi”“huarenyouzhizuoyoushibuzaishi”dengxitongshengyinyigejing。


5𝓰ritiqingjueyidezhongyangxiangguanbumendediaoyurenwuzongjiedanzhong,“jijituijinxiangmudajianzhongguojindaihuachanyedechengzhangguanlitixidajian,jiasutuijinchengzhangxinzhizhizaoli”paidi2021nianzhongyangxiangguanbumendediaoyurenwudiaoyurenwuꦿshoupi,baochilejianyinglaozhuqiyeshihuizhibendexianmingduteyidongxinhao。


congtongzhidanliangmingdexinduixiangxinqudechengxiao,daoxiangzhengchangwuweiyuan、dezhuanyerenshilishixuezhedengdailailedeshiligushibeijinghedezhuanyeshendujiedu,zaidaodianshijizhezaiyierxiandejingguokaochadiaoyan,shiwoguoduizhongkaifazuodaozhengduoli,kongzhiwendingfazhanfangxiangyeyoulegengduoqingxikejian🧔dedelijiebawo。


应对变革时代,危机感足可塑性强


cuozongfuzaburongleguandewailianshengtaixia,huarenyanzhiyezhongxiaoqiyeweilaizoushishoudaojiaguanzhu。


“renmenshixianle🅘gongyehuaguangzhouposjirenyizhiqi、dianjiqudongqishebeidengguochantupianhua,zhengjiaokuaichuhangjiaoyoukuaiman,fazhanguojishimian yongyoulv。”guangzhouxinsongguangzhouposjirenzidongkongzhihuakonggugudongfeichangyouxianpin♓paixiaoshuozongcaizhangjindaibiaoyingyuyongzhengzhiyishishilijieshi,zaijingjiluohouzuguozhengxiankonghouzhanlvebujudeguangzhouposjirenlinyu,baneizaijiyiwolao、wenhuachanyedefazhanzuoquan,“ranertianfandifu,yeshikeyiwenbutuijinwangqianzou”。


zheixieshigegeqiyebojicanyinshichangdexiezhao,yeshizhongguoguojiashougongzhizaoduifuwentidexiezhao。


guo5nian,quanguohuaijingfenggaolangji。diyuansixiangpinde、deguojiaexingzhijiandejingzhengdengdajiyufatuchu,dalichengzhangdeguojiajiagongqiyefenliu,baxi、xibeiyadengdiquyuchengbenduanshijianchengzhang,exingzhijiandejingzhengchixuriyituchu。yixieshihelixingpubiancunzai、bugaibirangdexuhuan。neime,changshuaiguoneijiagongdazao、changshuaiguoneiquyucheng♑bendelundiaoxianghuyingxiangzheidangzhong,shihaiyaozuozheifanbianzhengchanshude。


guibidui꧂zhan、huizhankenan,huarenzhizuojiachantouzifanwei、duiwaimaoyitouzifanweizuodaoleliangdekexuehelidezengjia,shizhongweichixingyezhanedezhengtide🍰baochiwending。


jushejibuweijuguanliꦚrendou“chuzhangjianxiutongdao”shangjianjie,2ꦅ02yinian,suizhewoguochedigongyizengdazhidadao50wanyimeijin,zhangdpde31.7%。zaochengyejiansheguimolianxubuduan18nianjuyuzhou1、。


“xianshidaihuafuwuyejizhijibenjianshezhengquzhiguanzhongyaoguanjiantupoღ”“shoupiguanjianfuwuyechuangxinfazhanchengjiwanchengquanguopinzhikekaohengxiang”……renminzhengfugangweibaogaoshu🔯deyileibiebiaoshi,tixianchuqiangguoshougongzhizaodeqiangyouligaigechuangxin。


quedingzhanxianleruguowaimeitisuochengde“chanyefazhanlianzhuanhuanchao”ma?


wunengbochi,shouchengbendidengyinsufenxidaozhi,dianlaozuolaodongmijixingchanyexinggezhongshangpindechanliangqianyidaobiedeguo。dangran,youyuzhongguodaxiandaiyichengdurongrudaoyazhoushijichanpindelianfengongfuze,yizhiwuyuyouhenduodanweichechuzhong🦹guodaxiandaiyoujiehuilai,huorengxubenwenguodaxiandaijinchukoudapizhongyangchanpinde。


“jimeinengyipiangaiquan,jiangdangeguanjianyaosukanzuozongxiangshichangqushi,yexukanzheibiaozhongzhizaoyetibadecongkeguanyuanli,xiaobiandezhizaoyejiuzaizhuanxingqitibadengjizhongzaizaozhengduoli。”taihexincaishiyejituangongsiguquanbijiaoyouxianjituangongsidongshihuicheng🃏yuanzhangsongxiquandaibiaoyizhizaochangyeliejushuo,jinguanshuodangejiguangjiagongguanjianyaosuzhuanzou,danzongxiangzhuijiazhijiuzaitiba。202sinian,zaiwoguogaoanquanxingnenghechengxianweichanxiaoliangzhanquanshichangdezongliangtupojifenyige,202sinianchukouguoeyuehuanbidezengzhang14.4%。


zhumingkeshixinxixianshixinxi,zhiqianzai500zhongguanjiangongyezhizaojishushipinzhong,dangjinshijieyouliuchengzhishangdeshipinzongshengchanliangweiyugaodupaimingxingshouxian,wojisuangongshiji、anzhuoshouji、yangguangnengdianbanbandenggoujinshouyaoshipinzongshengchanliang𝓀zhangaodupaimingxingjishizhishangde。zhizaojishuyeguimohuazhangaodupaimingxingbilvgaochu30%。


gaoduanyingzaoyebiankuaijinbu,jianggaonenglisuzhi🍸yingzaoyecaichanlianjin1bujuzaiyiqi。44gedeguojiagaoduanyingzaoyejiqunshi、178jiadeguojiagaopianququzonglaneluanshipuzhuang,julianshubushengshu。qunianniandi,biaoxiancaichanpeihehejichenghuanenglisuzhideshishizhuangbeiyingzaoyechukouliangxing13.42qianyimeiyuan,“xinsanyang”qiyejinchu𒊎kouchanpinliangxinggongkeqianyimeiyuan。


“yizhonghuaxinshengwuzhinenghuochetezhengfenxi,changxingshijiejikaodeshixinjishu、anquanxingnenghegaoxiaoyixietongguanlidecaichanlian。”zhanganzhenhuochegaoguanzhangzhuhuarongtixianshuo,jiegoushejitishengdengjizhengjiarushengchanye𒈔lingyileigezuizhongyaoguatoulongduanli。


“tuogouleduanlian”dajilewomenguojiazaiouzhouchanyebujulianshengchanliandeshilidiweima?zhongguoguojiashengchanleisiyongqizuoda——


fuyuzhengheguodelingyufenleibiezhongchedihuagongyeleifen;zaixie💞xuzhongdianshidelingyuheguanjianxingyinshisaidaoshangchuxianpitixianlequandelingyulianjingzhengxinglideyouyuedelingyu;yipeihuangzhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”zhongxiaoqiyede1.2qianjia,90%shangmianshiguowaiwaizhemingdazhongxiaoqiyededezhinenghuachushoushang。


modelxqichexianchaojipcbdianlubangongchang,lingjiegoujianxiangtuhualvyichao95%。modelxqichedanweizhizuoyefuzongcaicaisonggangshuo,modelxqicheyuzhongguoxiandaixian𒁃huopifashang“tongsheng🐼hezuogongying”。


bilishihuanyupingtaiwangzhanxingwencheng“zaiwoguozhizuodeshangqianrenzhonggenbenchanpindeqiebuyoujihuizhaojianhunyongchushoushang”。zai♔woguoguowaipaimaichangmaihuiquqianfabuxinwende2023/2duoniandudeqishangyexingxinrengandiaoyanhuibaozhanshi,jiangzhicaifangzhongxiaoxingqiyeniandujihuazaiweilaifazhansinianshangshengzaihuachuangye,deyuanyinzhongdeyizhongshichushoulianluoshi、chuangxinxinglijiaqiang。


“dajiachengweiwanzhengdedecaichanjizhi、jiaoda🅘deshimian jiansheguimodengyouyue,shougongxingyechangnianchaozhebianhaodehexinmianzhaoyanglaogu꧋。”quanguoxiandaidianzizixuncaichanfazhanzhuangdayanjiufanganyuanyuanchangzhanglitixianshuo,zheijiushiquanguoxiandaishougongzhizuodezixinguishu、jianrenguishu。


规避挑戰,保持稳定“稳”的控制力


jianshouyouzheqiangshi,yaochixu“wen”dekongzhili。yudaogaoduqiyelianpishouliandagejuhoudubiandong,daguojiayanfajiang🌄zenmeyi“wen”yingliyingbian?


——xianyaodatiliangwen。“shizhongweichigongyeyuanchengbenwenbuzhengchang🀅yunxing”,zhengfujiguanzuoyebaogaoshubaochilewenchixuzengzhangdeꦆxianxingzhengcewuxianxinhao。


chanyehuaheshujuqiyexinxihuabujuzhangjinzhuanglongzai8ribimude🥀shisijiequanguogedirenduofenpihuiyichuping“juzhangjiedian”shangbiaoshifa,qunianjiangshenruxizhituijinqianshidexingyewendezengjiagangweifanganzenmexie,guwuchanyehuaqiangsheng、chanyehuadashi𒉰“yongtiaozhuliang”。


guoqushipinpaideweilaifazhanzaishengchanzhizaochangyebilichao80%,shixianshidaihuapinpaideweilaifazhananquantixidejidi,guanxidejingjizengzhangweilaifazhanheguojiminshengwenti,shianguokongzhiquanqiugediduyishengchanzhizaochangyeshijieqiangguodaodeshuizhundejihupan,bunengrangguoqushipinpaideweilaifazhanshuocheng“tongjiaweipinpaideweilaifazhan”fangbianjiesan。jihuashuqingchuyibianbushu,zhi🏅zaitongguokeyidanhuaguoqushipinpaideweilaifazhandechuangxinyouhua。


querenchangyongchanyehuazuchengbufende🐈diaozheng,laohuagongyoueryuanfushunzhongxinhuanfazaishengji。fushunshizhenzhanggaojiandaibiaoyingyushuo,xianzaijianlidiqujigaokoujianzhiqingxingyuanxiangguancailiaoliaoyou💫eryuan,mouhuaxinqiyoushi。


——haishiyaocaijitixizhongquan,wendinghaozhizaoyecaijitixizhongdewanzhengban。


202wunian,hainanshengzhuangzuminzuneimengguzizhiqubaiseshihuanbaoxingshengtaijiankang𒉰lvliutongyeshengchanliang🍰dapo1200yimeijin,jingyinglvtukuangziyuanchongyutezheng,xingchengconglvziyuandaojingshenshougongjiagongdewanzhengliutongyelian。


baobiaoyaoqiu“tigaozijidongbeiheilongjianghezhongxifangbudiquhuafenguanligongyelianqianyixiaolv”,bingduifanyuzhuanxingshengjiyiliuchanshengyejiqunjishudengtichucujin。“zheijiangjinsanbulicuyangchengquyuhuanjingyouxiaozhize、hutongchengzhangdegongyelianyanjie。”baiseshiquzhanggeguoketixianshuo,baisezhengquanxinquanyicujinzhongguoxiandai—dongnanyagongyelianmeitihezuoqubaisezhengtijiancheng,dazhao𒁏guanliguochanwaigongyelianqian♊yigaofeng。


——gengyingliantiaoguigeqiang,jiaqiangpinpaijilieli。


gongyihexingongyehuabujuede,jianglizhuazhidingchuangzaoyezhongdawenhuachanyehuakaifaliangaopinzhiliangshuipingkaifajingwangxingdong。yilianyice,buruoxiang、duanzhangban、qiangjibenzhishi,zengjiawenhuachanyehuakaifalianxiaoshouliannaimoxinghenenglisuzhi🌟li。


“jinri,womendoujiangjinyibujiechujiagongyezheigelingyuduiwaitouzifenjiguanlixianzhikongzhicuoshi,yebeihaoshidianfangandakaichegaosulianwangshujufenxizhongxindengshengzhiqianlikeyiyujiandianxin💃kuandaiyewulingyu。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


抓到机遇与挑战,不断发展新质生产销售力


baochixiangzhonggaojipapoguokandeguanjianguanzha,zhongguoguozhizuoyaosuoduanchuxianxinzhichanshengli。


zhongyangzhengfudegongzuohuibaodandutexianmingtandaozhe“gengjiachongchuanbohuixinxingchanpinjuguozhiduzhu♛yaoyoushi,quanfangweibuduan꧅tishengdulitesehuagongzuonengli”。cong“qianghuakuangjiatantaoxitongbuzhitu”dao“zhiyaoyouzongheshilidegongchangjiaqiangzuzhilingdaozhongdashijiangongguanxiangmuzhuxianrenwu”,tongzhidandantandaozheyichanpinxiliezhengcecuoshi。


zhongshi,chanpindecongyanjiukaifadaofenmian🔥debijinglicheng。zhishijinrujiaogao,bushaodedeqiyebuzuzhongshizuoyong。jingzhundingweimouyi“kehudetongdian”,pinggubaogaozhiming“gengkuaihendakejichanyekuangjiafuwusheshiguanlitizhihuabuzhitu,licuteshuxingfangfaruanjian、zhongceshizhengruanjian🃏wangzhanjianshe”。


huagongheqiyexinxihuabu2020jiangzhongxinzhixinghaokezhigongsidadezhuanxiangduchahetebieyanzhixingdongjihua,shejiyizhifadaguojiashougongxingyechuangxinxingxinzhong,kuaisujinzhangaokezhigongsi,goujianqiyehua,huanmankuaisujinzhanxinzhisheng♕yuli。


zhenghexingxinjiagongye、weilaishinianjiagongye,peiyuchuxuduoxinsaichechang。


“genghaodijianshehaiyangshengwushengchanjiagong、shangjiahangtiankeji、dikongzijindengxinzengjiadezhanglingtouyang”“zoushangliangzikeji、shoumingshuxuedengxinchesai”“jianshegoujindeqianjingwenhuachanyequnfazhanxiandaoqu”……baogaofanwenhuanraozhegenghaodipeiyuchuxinxingdewenhuachanyequnfazhanhe𝔍deqianjingwenhua🐻chanyequnfazhan,chuangxinjucuoshi、debushuxi。


“yingxiatishengchenshi,qiangduokejizhigao൲dianshibiranqushi。”shenzhengaodehongwaichangjiagupiaoshiyouxiandechangjiagaoguanzhanghuanglidaibiaoxingshuo,jinniandegongyeqi꧃yeyaozaidikongzijin、naojimokuaidenglingyuxingyedali。


shiyehegerenxinxihuaguanlibuzhuyaoyewuzhuguandaibiao,jiangkuaisuqianduanxingkejishebeihetezhengkejishebeishichangchuqing、fuzhizhangchushangjia、jinyidabuwanshanjiagongyenongyeshengtai。zaiweilaijiagongyejigefangmian,bazhuanyongshoudongzhihui、renxingdiannaoren、naojiduankoudengchengweixiayidabushengjizhezhongkongjianbujudefangmian。dingqicunkuanfabudeqianduanxingkejishebeijingzhuntoufangzongmulu,zhezhongweiraoshengjizhezhongfanweikaifacaiyongshiꦯyanzhuangzhichang,kuaisujiagongyefuzhi🎀。


yaozhushuzi9qiji,sudu“rengongkongzhizidonghua+”。


zhongguoguojiajianshewangonggeguojianshezhengtiguimozuidadedexunxitongxun♚wifiwangluo,kuangchijianshezhengtiguimogeguoqier,feichangguangfanzuishendeshuzixinjishugemingshizhizaochuyetigaodezuichongfendaoxiangzhongdeyizhong。


“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’shichanyeliangaigechuangxinde🍸yiding,yeshiyingzaoqushixin♐shengjidezhuyao。”ztezhongxingwuxiantongxungufenyouxiangongsijingzhizongjiancaimiaoweidaibiaoxingshuo,yonghaochuangxinxingshenghaizizhuanyonggongju,youyoulexinxinrongrujichutiaojian、qiangzhuaxinjiyu、huanmanqushi。

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